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Mother and her daughter preparing natural mask with cream and honey and record video for on line blog, wondering about Hereditary Skin Conditions.

Hereditary Skin Conditions

Just like all other medical specialties, dermatology also deals with hereditary conditions. Also known as genetic conditions, these are problems passed down from generation to generation. In other words, the child of someone who has one of these conditions is more likely to have it as well. 

At Avail Dermatology we are available to discuss any concerns you may have about hereditary skin conditions.   

Hereditary Skin Conditions 

  • Albinism: A skin condition that causes the pigment of skin, hair, and eyes to have little to no color. This condition increases the risk for skin cancer so yearly skin checks are recommended. 
  • Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome: Also called Gorlin Syndrome, this is a condition that causes more frequent irregularities to pop up on the skin. Some of these irregularities include: cysts of the jaw and Basal Cell skin cancer.  
  • Cowden Syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by multiple noncancerous tumor-like growths called hamartomas on the skin and an increased risk for other types of cancers, such as breast and thyroid. 
  • Ectodermal Dysplasias: When two or more abnormal developments happen on either the skin, sweat glands, hair, nails, teeth, and membranes.
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: Some of the biggest symptoms of this skin condition are overly flexible joints, elastic skin that bruises easily, and rupture of major blood vessels. 
  • Ichthyosis: This condition causes dry, scaling skin that can either be very thick or very thin. 
  • Incontinentia Pigmenti: This condition typically involves blistering rashes in infancy, wart-like skin growths, and brown swirled patches of skin in adulthood.  
  • Muir-Torre Syndrome: This genetic skin condition causes skin tumors in the oil glands and is associated with internal cancers. The most common internal cancer involves the gastrointestinal tract. 
  • Neurofibromatosis: This condition affects how nerve cells form and grow and may cause lesions anywhere in your nervous system (brain, spinal cord and nerves). 
  • Premature Aging Syndromes: These genetic skin disorders cause aging, such as wrinkles, to happen extremely fast. Your skin will seem very thin and less elastic.  
  • Tuberous Sclerosis: This condition causes non-cancerous tumors to develop; in may parts of the body including the skin and internal organs.  This disease can vary in severity and have many different presentations. 

Avail Dermatology is here for any of your skincare needs. If you have any further questions about hereditary skin conditions  or want to speak to our staff, click here to reach out or give us a call at 770-251-5111. Click here to learn more about our telemedicine offerings! 

What is Keratosis Pilaris?

What is Keratosis Pilaris?

Keratosis pilaris, also known as KP, is an extremely common skin condition that affects almost three million people worldwide. Despite its commonality, not much is known about this chronic, long-term skin condition, and many people who have it may not even realize that their skin is abnormal.

To learn more about keratosis pilaris from the experts at Avail Dermatology, keep reading below.

What is Keratosis Pilaris?

Keratosis is a common skin condition that causes the skin in certain areas to have a bumpy appearance, often described as “chicken skin.” By far, the most common location is on the upper outer arms, but less commonly, it can affect the outer thighs, and lateral cheeks on the face. These bumps are caused by an build-up of keratin, , which is the protein that is forms the outer layer of the skin. In KP, the keratin builds up into tiny “mounds” around individual hair follicles. .It is an extremely common condition, particularly in children and adolescents, with some estimates as high as 50% to 80% of adolescents showing some degree of KP. It often worsens in winter when the skin is dry, particularly in patients who also have eczema, a common finding.

Generally, KP improves with age and is less common in adults, though still not rare. Generally, KP does not cause symptoms, although in rare cases it can lead to skin irritation and peeling.

KP appears to be a genetic disorder, and many patients have a family history of KP. There are some studies suggesting that abnormal genes that control the production and function of keratin may be responsible for the condition.

How is Keratosis Pilaris Treated?

Just as it is not truly known what causes KP, there is also no known cure. The good news is that, most often, keratosis pilaris disappears with age and will go away on its own.

However, there are several ways to help manage your symptoms if they are a burden to you. Follow these steps to do just that:

  • Keep your body moisturized. This remains the hallmark of therapy for KP. Moisturizing reduces the appearance of the bumps and prevents peeling and scaling. Some moisturizers may be more effective for KP. These include alpha hydroxy acid moisturizers, which contain ingredients like lactic or glycolic acid. By accelerating exfoliation, they may reduce the bumpy texture of the skin.
  • Start new daily habits. Along with moisturizers, try out warm water instead of hot water for your bath, and add moisture to your home with a humidifier.
  • Work with your doctor. More resistant or bothersome cases of KP may need additional treatment. Work with your trusted dermatologist to help formalize a plan that will be best for you and your skin. Your physician will be able to recommend the best products and help you to avoid practices that may not lessen your keratosis pilaris.

If you would like assistance with managing your keratosis pilaris, then reach out to the trusted dermatology experts at Avail Dermatology. We’ll be happy to formulate a management plan that is just right for you and your skin.

Give us a call at 770-251-5111 or click here to schedule an appointment.